Coupled Experiment / Finite Element Analysis on the Mechanical Response of Porcine Brain under High Strain Rates
Prabhu, R., Horstemeyer, M., Bouvard, J.-L., Sherburn, J. A., Williams, L. N., Marin, E., & Liao, J. (2011). Coupled Experiment / Finite Element Analysis on the Mechanical Response of Porcine Brain under High Strain Rates. Journal of the Mechanical Behavior of Biomedical Materials. Elsevier. 4(7), 1067-1080. DOI:10.1016/j.jmbbm.2011.03.015.
This paper presents a coupled experimental/modeling study of the mechanical response of porcine brain under high strain rate loading conditions. Essentially, the stress wave propagation through the brain tissue is quantified. A Split-Hopkinson Pressure Bar (SPHB) apparatus, using a polycarbonate (viscoelastic) striker bar was employed for inducing compression waves for strain rates ranging from 50 – 750 s-1. The experimental responses along with high speed video showed that the brain tissue’s response was nonlinear and inelastic. Also, Finite Element Analysis (FEA) of the SHPB tests revealed that the tissue underwent a non-uniform stress state during testing when glue is used to secure the specimen with the test fixture. This result renders erroneous the assumption of uniaxial loading. In this study, the uniaxial volume averaged stress-strain behavior was extracted from the FEA to help calibrate inelastic constitutive equations.