Closing the Wearable Gap-Part VI: Human Gait Recognition Using Deep Learning Methodologies
Davarzani, S., Saucier, D., Peranich, P. L., Carroll, W., Turner, A., Parker, E., Middleton, C., Nguyen, P., Robertson, P., Smith, B. K., Ball, J. E., Burch V, R. F., Chander, H., Knight, A., Prabhu, R., & Luczak, T. (2020). Closing the Wearable Gap-Part VI: Human Gait Recognition Using Deep Learning Methodologies. Electronics. MDPI. 9(5), 796. DOI:10.3390/electronics9050796.
A novel wearable solution using soft robotic sensors (SRS) has been investigated to model foot-ankle kinematics during gait cycles. The capacitance of SRS related to foot-ankle basic movements was quantified during the gait movements of 20 participants on a flat surface as well as a cross-sloped surface. In order to evaluate the power of SRS in modeling foot-ankle kinematics, three-dimensional (3D) motion capture data was also collected for analyzing gait movement. Three different approaches were employed to quantify the relationship between the SRS and the 3D motion capture system, including multivariable linear regression, an artificial neural network (ANN), and a time-series long short-term memory (LSTM) network. Models were compared based on the root mean squared error (RMSE) of the prediction of the joint angle of the foot in the sagittal and frontal plane, collected from the motion capture system. There was not a significant difference between the error rates of the three different models. The ANN resulted in an average RMSE of 3.63, being slightly more successful in comparison to the average RMSE values of 3.94 and 3.98 resulting from multivariable linear regression and LSTM, respectively. The low error rate of the models revealed the high performance of SRS in capturing foot-ankle kinematics during the human gait cycle.